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What are arteriovenous malformations? Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are vascular birth defects that have the characteristic of having direct connections between arteries and veins. They are most frequently found in the brain, although they can be found anywhere in any organ. Arteriovenous malformations are typically congenital, meaning someone is born with it or experiences its development […]

What is an IVC Filter? An IVC filter is a small metal device that is shaped like an umbrella without the covering cloth. Its shape helps it catch clots that are traveling from the lower extremities, through a large vein in your abdomen called the inferior vena cava (IVC) on their way back to the […]

What is a DVT? DVT is the condition when a clot develops in the veins of your legs (or sometimes your arms).  The clot can cause leg (or arm) swelling and sometimes pain.  It can also break free and travel to the heart and lungs (this is called a “pulmonary embolus” or “PE”). When the […]

What is PAD? PAD is when the blood flow to an artery is blocked. It is caused by plaque or atherosclerosis within the artery. This is most common in the leg. It is a lot like when an old pipe develops build up inside that blocks the flow of water. Most common area for PAD […]

What are veins? Veins carry blood from the extremities, tissues, and organs back to the heart.  They have relatively low flow and low blood pressure when compared to the arteries that carry blood to the extremities, tissues, and organs. Understanding Veins Our legs are comprised of a network of veins that are similar to the […]

What are varicose veins? Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged veins. Any superficial vein may become varicosed, but the veins most commonly affected are those in your legs. That’s because standing and walking upright increases the pressure in the veins of your lower body. For many people, varicose veins and spider veins — a common, mild […]

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